Prof. Stephen Gaukroger (University of Sydney, University of Aberdeen)- Hume's sentimental empiricism

SEMINARUL DEPARTAMENTULUI DE FILOSOFIE TEORETICA

Seminarul departamentului de filosofie teoretica va avea ca invitat miercuri, 4 mai pe

Prof. Stephen Gaukroger (University of Sydney, University of Aberdeen)
Hume’s sentimental empiricism

Seminarul va avea loc de la ora 18 in amfiteatrul Titu Maiorescu, la Facultatea de Filosofie, splaiul Independentei 204.

abstract:

Hume’s naturalism: judgement and sensibility (Seminar paper)

The paper investigates the role that metaphysics plays for Hume in our understanding of the world and our place in it, and the phenomenological approach he adopts in exploring this question. I focus on two sets of
contrasts: reason and scepticism, and reason and sensibility. On scepticism, I argue that Hume is not a sceptic as such. He believes that there are valid metaphysical arguments that lead to scepticism, e.g. about causation, but his conclusion is: so much the worse for metaphysics, taken as a reliable form of understanding in its own right. On sensibility, which is the main focus of the paper, I explore the idea that understanding for Hume consists in a judicious combination of propositional (e.g. metaphysical)
considerations and non-propositional considerations. In the course of this latter argument, I show how Hume’s naturalistic critique of religion is extended to metaphysics, and I explore the kind of naturalism at stake here.

Prof. Stephen Gaukroger este unul dintre cei mai cunoscuti specialisti in filosofie moderna din lume. Este profesor la University of Sydney si directorul departamentului de filosofie de la University of Aberdeen. Este editor al Intellectual History Review.

Dintre publicatiile recente:The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010, The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1210-1685. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006, Ed., with Conal Condren and Ian Hunter, The Philosopher in Early Modern Europe: The Nature of a Contested Identity, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006, Ed., The Blackwell Guide to Descartes’ Meditations. Oxford: Blackwell, 2006, Descartes’ System of Natural Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002, Francis Bacon and the Transformation of Early-Modern Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001, Ed., with John Schuster and John Sutton, Descartes’ Natural Philosophy. London: Routledge, 2000, 792pp.

Prof. Stephen Gaukroger – Four problems of representation in the early seventeenth century: rhetoric, optics, metaphysics, natural philosophy

Conferinta CELFIS

Prof. Stephen Gaukroger (University of Sydney, University of Aberdeen) va sustine marti, 3 mai, ora 18, conferinta

Four problems of representation in the early seventeenth century: rhetoric, optics, metaphysics, natural philosophy.

Conferinta, organizata de Centrul de cercetare in Logica, Istoria si Filosofia Stiintei, se adreseaza in special masteranzilor, doctoranzilor si studentilor si va avea loc in sala 6, la Facultatea de Filosofie, Splaiul Independentei 204.

Our problems of representation: the complex origins of Cartesian epistemology (postgraduate talk)

By the end of the seventeenth century, representation had become a fundamental problem in epistemology, in natural philosophy, and in mathematics. In asking how this situation came about, our aim is to identify a number of initially independent strands which were merged, but which were subsequently never wholly reconciled with one another, with the result that the problems of representation that emerged in the course of the seventeenth century had a multi-layered structure. This gave rise to a number of anomalies and intractable problems. There are four strands leading to the seventeenth century understanding of representation that we identify as particularly important in this chapter, deriving from rhetoric, optics,
scholastic psychology, and mechanics